II The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed that all armed personnel from both countries would be withdrawn by 25 February 1966 from their pre-August 5, 1965 positions, and both sides would abide by ceasefire conditions. After the independence of British rule, India remained a permanent threat to Pakistan`s security when congressional leaders soon began to reverse the division. India illegally conquered many areas of Pakistan by hooks or crooks and one of these controversial territories was the state of Kashmir. The first war for Kashmir took place in 1947-1948. The Second War took place in 1965 because of the same question, which was expressive of the inherent hostility between the neighbours. The war began on September 6, when India took Pakistan by crossing the international border in the darkness of the night. In seventeen days, thousands of people have been deployed on both sides of the Earth. The United States and the Soviet Union have forced the United Nations to play its part in the peaceful settlement and to compel it to resolve all problems between the two countries amicably, as war undermines world peace. The efforts of the United Nations brought peace because the two countries agreed to a ceasefire. In addition, Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin also played an important role in bringing countries to the negotiating table when he invited both sides to Tashkent. The war between India and Pakistan in 1965 was an escalation of minor and irregular struggles between April 1965 and September 1965 between the two countries. [3] The aim was to control the resources and population of Jammu and Kashmir, a sensitive point between the two countries since the division in 1947.

[3] Tashkent Agreement (January 10, 1966), The agreement was signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri (died the next day) and Pakistani President Ayub Khan, ending 17 days of war between Pakistan and India from August to September 1965. The UN Security Council concluded a ceasefire on 22 September 1965. The agreement was criticized in India because it contained no war pact or renouncement of guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. After the signing of the agreement, Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri mysteriously died in Tashkent. [3] Shasti`s sudden death led to persistent conspiracy theories that he was poisoned. [7] The Indian government refused to downgrade a report on his death claiming that it could harm foreign relations, cause disruption in the country and a violation of parliamentary privileges. [7] The ceasefire alone did not detach the status of Kashmir, and both sides accepted the Soviet Union as a third party mediator. The Tashkent negotiations ended in January 1966, when both sides abandoned their territorial claims and withdrew their armies from the disputed area. Although the Tashkent agreement achieved its short-term objectives, the conflict in South Asia would flare up again a few years later. In accordance with Tashkent`s statement, ministerial talks were held on 1 and 2 March 1966. Despite the fact that these talks were unproductive, diplomatic exchanges continued in the spring and summer. The results of these discussions were not obtained due to differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue.

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